THE VICTORIAN ARCHITECTURE

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The Commencement of the Victorian Architecture

The first sight of London, are of no doubt, the iconic buildings some of which are famous Victorian buildings for example the Palace of Westminster, The Albert Memorial, The Victoria & Albert Museum, the Houses of Parliament among others. London is generally well known for it’s cultural and reign history displayed in its various cities and towns and yes, Victorian buildings are not an exception in this.

Unless one understands the Victorian era, one might never comprehend the origin of the Victorian architecture and buildings in London. Victorian architecture does not actually refer to a specific architectural style but rather to a specific era in which the Victorian building design was birthed.

 

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign, from1837 until 1901, when she died. Victorian-era buildings first arose in England and because of London’s love for its heritage, many of the towns and cities are still defined by the Victorian-era architecture.

Due to the mass-housing idea being birthed in Queen Victoria’s reign, Victorian homes were mainly constructed for the middle-class people, who at the time, were accumulating wealth. This was a period of quick technological advancements in architecture due to the introduction and easy accessibility offers in the various alternative material options. It was also a period that saw growth in the development of new and innovative building techniques.

Victorian architecture, being broad greatly entails the Gothic Revival style with additional traces of the Renaissance style.

Gothic style was primarily an architectural movement that began in England 1740s, with the architecture of the pointed arches, rib vaults, the flying buttress, window tracery, pinnacles and spires.

The Gothic Revival/ Neo-Gothic style was a conscious movement that began in England to revive Gothic forms, mostly in the second half of the 18th century and throughout the 19th century. It’s was called ‘Gothic Revival’ because it purely aimed at re-building the Gothic architecture, which had previously developed in France in the 12th century.

By the 1820s, during the Victorian era, architects began migrating tips of the Gothic architecture into wealthy homes, universities and large structures.  It is mainly defined by classic architecture such as clustered columns, pointed arches, flying buttress, intricate sculptures as seen at the Palace of Westminster.

Features of a Gothic Building

  • 1. Pointed arches and windows
  • 2. Irregular appearance
  • 3. Vertical emphasis
  • 4. Variety of materials
  • 5. Rich colors and decoration

   

 

The Renaissance style was first introduced in the 15th century and was later brought back during the Victorian era around the 1880s, during the Victorian era. It was embedded in the Gothic revival styles until later when it fully superseded the Gothic revival style. This explains why most of the Victorian buildings had a mixture of the Renaissance and Gothic styles. The renaissance style was mainly consisting of columns and pilasters, arches, domes, vaults and vibrant Interiors Painting works

The Albert Memorial

 

 

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Posted on: February 7th, 2022 by London Building Contractors No Comments

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