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The Difference Between Joists & Rafters

Posted on: June 22nd, 2020 by London Building Contractors No Comments

Joists and rafters are components used in the construction of buildings. Understanding the difference between them is essential for those working in the construction trades, while basic knowledge is useful for homeowners if repair and maintenance issues arise.

Timber Joists

Joists are the parallel horizontal beams that run across an open space, joining opposite walls in a building to support both the ceiling below and the floor above. Joists are traditionally made from timber. They are nominally 2 inches thick (actual width usually 1-1/2 inches) and come in a variety of widths from 8 to 12 inches. The choice depends on the load-bearing requirement, which is strongly influenced by the length of the span that the beam must bridge.

Other Joist Materials

In many modern building projects, traditional timber joists are replaced by ones manufactured from alternative materials. Steel “I-profile” beams are used in the construction of steel-framed buildings. These have the advantage of spanning greater distances without bowing. Timber … Continue reading

Installing Floor Joists: What You Should Know

Posted on: June 15th, 2020 by London Building Contractors No Comments

#Floor-joists are a critical part of the overall frame design in a building’s structure. These supports run horizontally across the span of the building and are an important part of the engineering, helping to make the house solid and sturdy for the long term. Floor joists also provide a foundation for the #subfloor, which is installed right on top of them. Since these joists have to provide a strong foundation for both the subfloor and finished floor, it’s important that they are up to proper specifications and are installed correctly.

Framing is generally not a good DIY project unless the job is something like a small #shed or maybe a simple garage. Homes are complex structures, and the work of framing out a floor is best left to a professional carpenter or framer. Less-complicated flooring tasks such as shoring up floor joists or adding bridging to decrease floor deflection may be better suited for a homeowner than taking on … Continue reading

Repointing Brick and Stone Walls

Posted on: March 18th, 2020 by London Building Contractors No Comments

Masonry walls are built of a series of individual units – generally brick, stone or flint – with mortar acting as the glue that holds them together. The external face of the finished wall therefore consists of masonry units separated by mortar joints. These joints are known as pointing.

Mortar basically comprises an aggregate (sand) held in a matrix by a binder. In old walls the latter ingredient was usually lime, but might be earth or a combination of the two. Stone walls were often built with earth-lime mortar, for example, but pointed using lime.

What is pointing?

The most obvious purpose of pointing is to fill the gaps between the masonry units. This stops them from becoming loose and prevents water, draughts and foreign material such as dirt and vegetation from penetrating the wall.

Even more crucial is pointing’s role in managing moisture in the wall fabric. Old bricks are soft and permeable, while stone varies greatly from soft … Continue reading

Small Space Living

Posted on: March 3rd, 2020 by London Building Contractors No Comments

If you are faced with small space living the only way really is up! Make the most of any floor space by keeping it as clutter-free as possible. That includes any small bits and bobs you might otherwise have laying around. We have used attractive willow baskets to solve the storage problem. Ideal because one they look great and two they are sturdy enough to hold all manner of clutter.

Hanging from decorative hooks that can take a lot of weight, these baskets are great for quick end-of-day tidy-ups for toys, books, magazine, iPads and all the other stuff that tends to lay around.

How to master open-plan design

Posted on: February 25th, 2020 by London Building Contractors No Comments

Secrets For Successful Open-Plan Living

Airy, spacious and versatile, open-plan living is a popular design choice for the modern home, but a successful scheme requires careful planning. We’ve rounded up the best-kept design secrets to help you transform a large empty room into a warm and welcoming sociable hub for the whole family. You might want to take notes…

Celebrate structural features

If your open-plan space has characterful features like exposed beams or support columns, don’t try to disguise them. Instead, let these architectural quirks enhance your scheme for a completely unique interior. In this barn conversion, characterful woodwork and an original brick hearth frame a charming country-style living space.

Conceal your kitchen

For a sleek open-plan space, make the kitchen area as unobtrusive as possible with clever design and coherent finishes. Here, the kitchen units run along the back wall and are raised off the floor. The unit fronts are simple, contemporary and handleless, plus they fit in with … Continue reading